Protecting Personal Data in Education: Importance, Regulations, and ComplianceProtecting Personal Data in Education: Importance, Regulations, and Compliance
Data Protection in Education
School records often contain a great deal of personal information about pupils and staff. These must be protected to avoid the damage that could result from their loss or unauthorised access.
This is why the importance of following data protection procedure needs to be re-communicated to teachers. However, these procedures can sometimes be compromised by cyber-attacks or unmanaged devices.
The UK GDPR
The UK GDPR is a set of rules that governs the protection of personal data in the United Kingdom. It is similar to the EU GDPR, but it also contains additional restrictions and derogations. This makes it a very important piece of legislation for education institutions, which must follow strict guidelines when handling student and staff data.
The law requires schools to have a lawful basis for processing data, meaning that they must explain all procedures to individuals before collecting their information. They must also use the data for pre-stated purposes and time periods. Additionally, they must adhere to all UK GDPR regulations.
Schools often handle what the UK GDPR classifies as’special category data’, which includes pupil information such as ethnicity and race. This data must be carefully protected, and the school must ensure that it has various data protection protocols in place. The ICO is required to produce four statutory codes of practice under the UK GDPR: age appropriate design, data sharing, direct marketing, and journalism.
In general, personal data refers to anything that can be used to identify a living person. This includes names, email addresses, images of people, ID numbers, financial information and health records. There is also a separate category of data called ‘sensitive personal information’, which requires extra protection.
Schools hold a great deal of personal information relating to staff, pupils and parents. The security of this data is a priority as a breach could have serious consequences for the individual concerned. All manual and digital records are required to be secured with a level of protection that reflects the potential harm that could occur if the information was lost or misused.
Schools must also be transparent about the personal information they hold on individuals. They must explain why the information is collected and have processes in place to correct any inaccuracies quickly. In addition, they must limit the storage of personal information to the minimum necessary for the purposes for which it is processed.
Schools work with a large amount of personal data – including pupil names, addresses and medical information. They also store information about staff, job applicants and governors. It is vital that this data is secure to protect the individuals involved. A breach of data can cause severe damage to people’s lives and also a school’s reputation.
Schools should consider the use of security systems like encryption and shredding physical copies of paper documents containing personal information. They should also install virus-checking software and turn off auto-complete settings on computers. Small electronic storage devices like memory sticks should be locked away securely and password protected when not in use.
Attending a PECB Certified Data Protection Officer training course is an excellent way to acquire the skills and knowledge needed to act as a DPO for your organisation. Upon completion, you will be able to advise your organisation on how to meet its data protection obligations. The training is interactive and involves both theory and best practices.
Schools store a lot of personal data, from student PII and research IP to confidential grant applications. This means that they are particularly vulnerable to data breaches and must take extra precautions to ensure that all staff follow strict data protection procedures.
Fortunately, there are tools available to help with compliance. For example, security solutions like Endpoint Protector can allow educational institutions to track any attempts to transfer data onto USB devices and flag any suspicious activity. This allows educational institutions to be proactive about data security and create a culture of privacy in their workplace.
The GDPR requires that schools have a data protection officer (DPO) to oversee the school’s data processing activities. The DPO must be knowledgeable about the school’s data and how it is used, as well as GDPR requirements. DPOs must also communicate with data subjects regarding their rights and how the school uses their information. This includes the right to correct personal information, opt out of targeted advertising or data sales, and request the deletion of their data.